Sunglasses are not just a stylish accessory. It is important to protect your eyes, especially from the damaging sun. The American Optometric Association says that you should always wear sunglasses during the daylight hours! Now you have an excuse to look like a movie star.

Sunglasses protect your eyes against the sun’s UV rays. UV radiation exposure to the eyes can result in many problems, including cataracts, macular degeneration, pingueculae, pterygia and photokeratitis that can cause temporary vision loss. A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. It is the leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 40, but UV exposure can cause early problems. A cataract starts out small and at first has little effect on your vision. You may notice that your vision is blurred a little, like looking through a cloudy piece of glass.
Macular degeneration is considered an incurable eye disease. It is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina. When this starts to deteriorate, it affects our ability to read, drive a car, recognize faces or colors, and see objects in fine detail. A pinguecula is a yellowish, raised thickening of the conjunctiva on the white part of the eye, close to the edge of the cornea. Pingueculae are non-cancerous pumps that can cause dryness, a burning sensation, itching, stinging, and blurred vision. Pterygia is also known as surfer’s eye. This is a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva. In extreme causes, it can grow to cover the pupil and cause vision problems. These growths often burn, feel gritty, itch and look red. Photokeratitis is a painful eye condition and is usually not noticed until the damage has already occurred. Symptoms include pain, redness, blurriness, swelling, sensitivity to light, headaches, small pupils, and temporary vision loss. The sun isn’t the only thing that can damage your eyes. Spending time outside puts you at additional risk of damage from sand, dust, wind, and snow.

Spending time on the mountain can be very damaging to your eyes. Because the snow reflects 80% of UV rays, there is an additional glare. Snow blindness is actually a real thing that occurs when the sun reflects off the snow, actually burning the cornea. If you are skiing or snow boarding and sunglasses aren’t feasible, try tinted goggles. Goggles are great because they cover and protect the bottoms of your eyes.

Sunglasses on the beach are great to protect from wind, dust and sand. Spending a lot of time in this kind of environment can irritate and damage your eyes. The best way to protect yourself is by wearing sunglasses to keep your eyes safe from a variety of elements. reasons-why- you-should-
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