It’s summer and Lyme disease is at a high. Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, that is transmitted to humans from an infected deer tick. Symptoms start showing as early as 3 days after being bitten, but can take up to 30 days.
The thing about Lyme disease, is it's only transmitted if the deer tick is attached to you for at least 24 hours. The early symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes. In average, people effected also get a rash, in some cases it has a “bull’s eye” look to it, but most actually do not. Most rashes from Lyme disease are round and red.
Progressing symptoms occur over time. These symptoms can be neck stiffness, arthritis with sever joint pain, loose muscle tone, irregular heartbeats, inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, shooting pains, numbness and tingling in the hands or feet.
Doctors diagnose Lyme Disease based off of symptoms and blood tests. Tests can come up negative depending on the progress of Lyme Disease because the antibodies have not had time to develop. Deer ticks are usually found in the upper Midwest and in the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia and Wisconsin. Deer ticks have been traveling more, locating now in 43 different states.
Most often the treatment of Lyme disease are antibiotics. They include amoxicillin, tetracycline, cefuroxime, and doxycycline. Lyme Disease is curable, if treated early. A full recovery is possible. If you find a tick on you, remove it immediately with a pair of tweezers if possible. Then clean the bite area with rubbing alcohol or soap and water.